Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?

Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?
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Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?
On 10 October, Deputy defense Minister Nikolai Pankov at the meeting of the international Committee of the Federation Council of the Russian Federation stated that the defense Ministry is preparing documents that enable you to create in the Syrian Tartus a permanent Russian naval base. Simultaneously it became known that the Russian defense Ministry is negotiating the lease of several military facilities on the territory of Egypt. In particular, it was dubbed the interest of the Russian side access to the runway of the airbase of Sidi Barrani.

What's real and what's not? The issue of Russian bases on the Mediterranean, understood the correspondent of the Federal news Agency.

720 nd e & p
The presence of domestic Navy in Tartus, the second largest port in Syria after Latakia has a long history.

The point of logistics of the Navy in Tartus appeared in the USSR in 1971, in accordance with the bilateral agreement between Moscow and Damascus. Initially, this e & p was created to ensure the action of ships and vessels operating in the Mediterranean of the 5th operational squadron (5th OPESK), their supply of fuel, water and supplies.

While e & p in Tartus first performed it as a kind of "gas station" and only second place for small magpakatotoo repair. The performance of the latter functions were supplied by one of the floating workshops of the black sea fleet, which shifts "on duty" in Tartus. Average repair of ships and vessels of the 5th OPESK could carry out in Syria's Latakia or Alexandria, Egypt. For major repair, as a rule, had to return to Sevastopol or Nikolaev.

Since 1984, the e & p of the Soviet Navy in Tartus became known as the 720-th & p. The military command of the USSR hatched against Syria very ambitious plans, including building on the Syrian coast between Latakia and Tartus of the great Soviet naval base and is able to fully cover all the needs of the 5th OPESK. However, until the collapse of the Soviet Union to carry out these plans failed.

For a long time after 1991, the 720-th of the e & p languished in semi-abandoned condition. Only in the summer of 2015 it has found new life and became the main sea gateway for the supply of Russian military presence on the Syrian theater of war.

It immediately "popped up" at least four problems.
Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?

Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?
stat.mil.ru / Press service of the defense Ministry of Russia
The Problem Of Tartus
Dramatically increased traffic from Novorossiysk and Sevastopol, carried out by the "Syrian Express", is quickly surpassing the capabilities of e & p in the efficient unloading of the arriving units. To avoid the "glut" helped power the civil port of Tartus, but taking into account the special nature of the goods, this was, of course, palliative solution. For the normal execution of the unloading and storage deliver military cargo, the e & p requires upgrading port equipment and expansion of warehouse space.

The second bottleneck of Tartus became its port basins and entrance channel. Because of the nature of the local hydrology and inaction the Syrian port services, swimming pools and the channel has to be cleaned regularly. Equally regularly have to upgrade and repair in Tartus barrels, booms, anchors and the dead laid on the bottom of the cables. The execution of these works had to take on not the Syrians, and selectorname the ship BSF.

The third problem is quite weak by the standards of the Russian armed forces, defense Tartus and the almost complete absence in the port capable service of protection of water area. To eliminate data "holes" in the security perimeter of the 720-th of the e & p recently in Tartous was transferred from Russia of s-300. Earlier in Tartus colectomy ship KIL-158 was delivered two patrol boat of project 03160 "Raptor", that partially solved the issue of protection of water area.

Finally, another problem 720-e & p after the summer of 2015 was the need to maintain the level of technical readiness is not only units from the "Syrian Express", and pennants recreated in 2013 operational connection of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean. Launched in Tartus in Soviet times the building in the interests of e & p shipyard and dry dock was not brought to an end. For objective reasons, the relocation of Tartus is one of Russia floating docks also proved impossible.

Thus, initially focused only on the possibility of a small magpakatotoo repair of e & p now has only flowmasters black sea fleet. That, of course, limits repair capabilities "seven hundred and twenty" and reduces the time spent by ships of the Russian Navy in the Mediterranean sea.
Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?

Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?
Federal Agency news / Kirill Romanovsky
What's next?
As we can see, the Russian military leadership in one way or another managed to solve three of the four mentioned problems. Left open the question of capacity and repair facilities in Tartus. But the fact of the matter is that this "legacy from the Soviet past" makes sense to implement only the full confidence that "Tartanas". In other words, only when the port becomes on a regular basis by the basing of the Navy of Russia.

I suppose that now, when the interest of Moscow in that location is no longer in doubt, the issue of implementation of the average repair of ships and vessels in Tartus will also be solved.

What awaits 720-y e & p in the near future? You can expect the modernization of port equipment further dredging in the port and on the input channel, expansion of warehouse space, and the completion of the e & p in Tartus shipyard.

See also: Syria a long time: experts on the establishment of a naval base in Tartus Russia

Here is the opinion about the prospects of the 720-th of the e & p Pavel Vishnyakov, captain 1st rank of reserve in the past — the flagship Navigator of the 130th brigade anti-submarine ships, Deputy chief of staff of the 2nd division of anti-submarine ships for combat training: "Tartus — the place is nice in all senses. At the moment all this, of course, is not deployed, but a year or two or three will make quite a decent base, especially if a piece of land prune more — not all infrastructure can be afloat."

In the end, MO Russia will get in Syria at its disposal a two-component system of permanent deployment of our Armed forces. Its air component will be located at the airbase "Hamim", and naval (the transport hub of e & p and shipyard with dry dock) in Tartus. It is the easier it is to implement such a scheme in the maximum degree will use the infrastructure already available and used by Russia in Syria.
Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?

Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?
mil.ru / Press-service of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation
Not only tourists like in Egypt
Russia is expanding its military-strategic partnership in the middle East. While she naturally returns to those borders, which once was occupied by the Soviet Union. In General, logical trend directly resulting from the desire to protect Russia's geopolitical interests in the ongoing confrontation with the West.

Note that this trend is pushing the Armed forces of the Russian Federation to return not only to the Mediterranean outposts, but much further. No wonder, in addition to revival on a regular basis Mediterranean naval task force, the transformation of the 720-th of the e & p Navy permanent naval base, obtaining a perpetual lease of the air base "Hamim" and talk about a possible lease of the facilities in Egypt, representatives of the defense Ministry say about the desirability of returning to Cuba and Vietnam. Recall that until 2002 in Cuban Lourdes had a strong Russian center for electronic surveillance, and in the Vietnamese port of Cam Ranh Bay was a large Russian naval base.

At the same time not on the background of such communities potential plans to fall into excessive euphoria. Theoretically, the armed forces can actually rent from the government of Egypt, WFP Sidi Barrani and the paragraph of e & p in the Bay of Marsa Matruh. Plus — a ship in the shallows of the Parking lot, the so-called "point 52", once bore the nickname "village of Selivanovsky" (in honor of one of the commanders of the 5th OPESK). Looking back at the Soviet experience, to this list "hotelok", you can add the possibility of basing Russian ships in the Egyptian Port said.

See also: the Triumvirate of the XXI century: China, America and Russia are starting to remake the world

As it is theoretically possible to try to "survive" the Cubans and the Vietnamese have long "privatized" their former Russian infrastructure in Lourdes and Cam Ranh Bay. And even fanfare once again, as in Soviet times, to enter our Navy in the Cuban Cienfuegos. Not less than theoretically, this would significantly expand the operating area of the armed forces in the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean sea, Pacific and Indian oceans, simultaneously increasing Russia's capabilities for force projection, showing the flag, gathering razvedyvatel etc.

But almost all of it at the moment, given the weakness of the Russian forces, means and Finance, in full is not feasible. No wonder even leaked to the media very little information about the possibility of obtaining access to the armed forces to the runway of Sidi Barrani delays the implementation of this plan in 2019. At the same time indicated that, initially, the military contingent of the Russian Federation in Sidi Barrani would be "quite small".
Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?

Our Tartus base of the Russian Navy in Syria — real plans or Declaration of intent?
mil.EN / Press service of the defense Ministry of Russia
Again, the establishment of permanent Russian military bases in Syria seriously improves the stability of the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. While the relevance of such a "fire measures" to strengthen the provisions of the current government in Egypt, Cuba or Vietnam are conspicuously absent.

Another interesting nuance. Already in the evening of 10 October, the Egyptian newspaper Youm7, referring to the official representative of administration of the President of Egypt, has denied the information about possible deployment of Russian military base in Egypt. "It's not true, Egypt has a firm position in opposition to the establishment of foreign military bases on its territory," — said the representative of Cairo.

Thus, initiatives to further increase Russian military facilities abroad in the short term should be considered, for the most part, as a Declaration of intent. As an element of a foreign game, if you will. Or even as an opportunity to put pressure on the US and its allies. But not as the plans adopted for the unconditional implementation.

Of course, this conclusion does not apply to the receipt of the 720-m e & p in Tartus status of permanent bases to the Russian Navy. That, because of "tight coordination" of the General situation in Syria and the already developed status of the air base "Hamim", one can consider the case solved.

Andrew Shustov
Источник: http://riafan.ru/563042-tartus-nash-baza-vmf-rf-v-sirii-realnye-plany-ili-deklaraciya-o-namereniyah

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